Backpacking and especially to difficult terrains is an intricate and a tough job although it would look like as if it’s all fun but it is not so. Many a trip has become disaster as the essential items you needed were not in the back pack. While backpacking you have to keep the basics in mind just having the right items is one thing, knowing how and when to use it is quite another. Know how and good judgment is must for any camping gear – If you have the best of tent but you don’t know how to put it, you are lost. On the other hand, it is generally inexperience and lack of good judgment that gets people into trouble. You should have nor just the proper equipment but also the proper training and knowledge of using them.
Stuff like maps and compass are things that a layman has difficulty handling, so prior to leaving for a backpacking trip try to get the basics of map and compass reading and similar things. Flashlight and headlamps are other indispensable items for your trip. A water resistant flashlight with more battery power is always advisable. It is also safer to keep extra battery in case the original one discharges. For headlamps halogens are better as tasks like path finding require a bright beam. Food should be packed keeping in mind emergency situation. Ready to eat snacks come in handy and you should pack them in zip lock bags so that they stay fresh.
At least one extra meal should be carried by you. If the trip is for two days, pack meals for two days but keep one meal extra for emergency. If you are taking raw food items then take extra fuel for cooking food. Drinking water is another item which is must for the trip. In addition to the basic layers you should normally take extra clothing, waterproof clothes like wind cheaters are good for facing any condition. Generally during camping one has to wear clothes for a long time. You can wash clothes during the night, provided there is stream or some other water supply nearby.
Not to forget is carrying first-aid supplies for minor injuries. In particular, carry plenty of adhesive band-aids and sterilized bandages. Antiseptic creams and mosquito and insect repellant are another must for your backpack. Learning first aid is a must before starting on the trip. The tool kit in the backpack should have Swiss Army Knife; slip-joint pliers/wire crimper/wire cutters; spring less self-sharpening scissors; wood saw; nail file/cleaner; corkscrew. You can add waterproof matches and fire starters to this list, there are many varieties available in the market. Planning minor details will go a long way in making your trip successful; remember you don’t have to an expert in wilderness survival to enjoy a safe hiking or backpacking trip.